Domestic Violence

Domestic Violence

Domestic violence is one of our most pervasive and misunderstood public health issues. The terms "domestic violence (DV)" and "intimate partner violence (IPV)" are often used interchangeably, but IPV specifically refers to physical, sexual, or psychological harm by an intimate partner or spouse. DV is a more general term that includes any violence or abuse by a family member or intimate partner. 

According to the CDC, 1 in 4 women, and 1 in 9 men have experienced DV/IPV in their lifetime. There are also an estimated 5 million incidents of physical and sexual assault against women, and 2.9 million incidents against men in the US each year.

The CDC estimates that the cost of IPV is ~$8.4 billion a year when factoring in medical fees, lost productivity at work, and personnel, but there is also a significant cost to the survivor. Survivors of abuse often have a difficult time re-engaging in work and their passions, because their confidence has likely been broken down by their abuser over a significant period of time. This often leads to changes in job status, demotions, and even unemployment. These changes can make it difficult for survivors to pay bills, like childcare, food, rent, and legal fees, and can even lead to homelessness. Hit Reset recognizes the financial burden that abuse puts on survivors, and exists to help them regain their self-worth and confidence so that they can re-engage in their communities and the workplace more quickly with minimal collateral damage.

Risk Factors

There are a number of factors that can put someone at risk for becoming a perpetrator or victim of DV/IPV.

Effects of DV/IPV

The effects of DV/IPV (as reported by the CDC) take a toll on survivors that often lingers for years. The repercussions of abuse are responsible for the development of a number of health conditions and risky behaviors that can further put the victim at risk. 

Health Consequences
  • Chronic pain

  • Migraines/headaches

  • Traumatic brain injury (TBI)

  • Joint diseases

  • Respiratory disease- i.e. asthma

  • Bladder and kidney infections

  • STIs/STDs

  • Cardiovascular disease

  • Gastrointestinal disorders- i.e. IBS, Crohn's

  • Gynecological disorders

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease

  • Pregnancy complications

  • Preterm delivery

  • Psychological disorders

  • Depression, anxiety, PTSD, etc.

  • Thoughts of suicide and suicidal behavior

Behavior Consequences
  • Engaging in high risk sexual behavior- i.e. unprotected sex, decreased condom use

  • Higher number of sexual partners

  • Sex at an earlier age

  • Higher rates of drug and alcohol abuse

  • Development of eating disorders

  • Unreliable work output- can lead to strained relationships with boss and coworkers, termination, etc.

  • Paying bills late or not at all- can lead to homelessness and poor credit, often leading to dependency on future partners

  • Self-harm- i.e. cutting, burning, etc.

  • Suicidal behavior